Myanmar travel guide: Handbook from A to Z

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Myanmar tourism overview

Myanmar is an ancient country with religious monuments of great scale and sophistication in architecture. The Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon, the magnificent Kyaikhtiyo Mountain Pagoda in the ancient capital of Bago, or the 1000 temples and palaces in Bagan. In addition, Myanmar tourism attracts foreigners by the natural scenery, peace of Inle Lake, Ngapali beach or the unique customs such as the Pa-O tribe or custom cream Tanaka. With these advantages, although just opened, Myanmar’s tourism industry is growing at a rapid pace.

Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon
Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon

Moving inland Myanmar :
In addition to the air route is the safest and most comfortable, you can also move between the provinces of Myanmar by bus. Remember to bring warm clothes because there are buses running at night, the air in the car is very cold. Taxis are convenient transportation in the city. At the same time, the underdeveloped rail system and the underdeveloped streets have made rail and motor vehicles unsuitable for ordinary tourists.

Sightseeing: Monuments, beaches, tourist attractions of Myanmar

Golden leaf statue in Mahamuni temple
Golden leaf statue in Mahamuni temple

Mandalay is the second largest city in Myanmar after Yangon, and is one of the most popular destinations and transit points for Myanmar tourists. Attractions include Shwenandaw wooden monastery, Kuthodaw Paya Temple with the world’s largest book, Mandalay Hill, Royal Palace, Mahamuni Pagoda with gold-leaf Buddha statues, U-bein bridge the longest wooden bridge in the world and the monastery in Amarapura.

The village is located to the north of Mandalay. Mingun is famous for Burmese tourists thanks to the following relics and relics: Mingun Bell – one of the heaviest and largest bells in the world, Mingun Pahtodawgyi Stupa and Hsinbyume / Myatheindan White Temple with Chinthe statue .

Shwenandaw
Shwenandaw

Pyin oo Lwin : On the east side of Mandalay is the town of Pyin. Lwin is situated on a hill 1000 meters above sea level, which is quite a distinct destination for Myanmar tourism. Some noteworthy attractions are Kandawgyi National Park, Tower of the Big Ben in London, the Anisakan Falls, Pwe Kauk Falls and Pyeik Chin Miang Cave.

Hsinbyume
Hsinbyume

Mrauk-U : An important archeological city located near the western border of Myanmar. Marauk-U is the second largest temple temple in Burma, just after Bagan. The temple here is built of stone bricks, unlike the mud-brick temples in Bagan. Typical temples are Shite-kung, Htukkanthein, Koe-kung, Andaw-thein, Lemyethna, Ratana and Ngu Nhan pagoda. The most magnificent and most significant archaeological significance is the Shite-thaung Temple.

Shite-thaung
Shite-thaung

Sagaing : The city lies on the banks of the Ayeyarwady River, 20 km southwest of Mandalay. Sagaing owns many monasteries and temples so it is suitable as a pilgrimage site of Myanmar tourism. Among the buildings in Sagaing, the Kaung Hmu Daw arch is completely different from the pointed tower.

Kaung-Hmu-Daw

Kaung-Hmu-Daw

Inn Wa (Inhwa – Inwa) is located in southern Mandalay, formerly the former capital of the Kingdom of Myanmar from the 14th to the 19th centuries. The prominent attractions are the wooden Bagaya Kyaung monastery and the leaning tower of Nanmyin.

Bagan : The most famous temple center of Myanmar tourism, once the capital of the mighty Bagan kingdom. With more than 2,000 temples remaining today in a total of 10,000 ancient religious buildings, Bagan is an indispensable destination for visitors. The most famous temples of Bagan are the Shwezigon Golden Temple, the Ananda Temple with four golden Buddhas in four directions, the Thatbyinnyu Temple – the highest shrine in Bagan, the Shwegugyi Temple and the Shwesandaw Temple – which houses the Buddha’s hair relic.

Thatbyinnyu
Thatbyinnyu
Shwezigon
Shwezigon

MANDALAY – YANGON ROAD 

Inle Lake
Inle Lake

Inle Lake – Nyaung Shwe Township : Inle Lake, also known as Lake of Bits, is located in the town of Nyaung Shwe, one of the most famous landmarks of Myanmar tourism. In addition to the magnificent scenery of Inle Lake, you can also visit the Red Mountain vineyard and winery, the Pa-O hill tribe village and the Phaung Daw Oo Pagoda, with five gold-leafed Buddha statues.

Naypyidaw Nay Pyi ( Myanmar ) : the capital of Myanmar. Here you can see the works for the State of Myanmar, typically the monumental Parliament building. There are also three huge statues of the kings Anawrahta, Bayinnaung and Alaungpaya U Aung Zeya, together with the Uppatasanti Peace Temple, which houses the Buddha’s tooth relic.

Pyay : The town is located on the banks of the Ayeyarwady River, with major attractions being the Shwesandaw Sunset Pagoda and the ancient Bawbawgyi Pagoda.

Uppatasanti
Uppatasanti

YANGON AND SOUTH MYANMAR AREAS

Yangon : Myanmar’s largest city, is also a popular destination for Myanmar tourists. Myanmar’s attractions include Shwedagon Pagoda, Sule Pagoda, Thaketa Crocodile Farm, Aung San Bogyoke Market, Mingalar Market, 19th Street Street, Botataung Temple, Saint Mary’s Cathedral, Church Holy Trinity Cathedral, Mailamu Temple, Musmeah Yeshua Synagogue, Mahabadoola Garden, Inya Lake and Kandawgyi Lake. The Shwedagon Pagoda is the most important of these: this is where the four Buddhist treasures of Kakusandha, Konagamana’s water, Kassapa’s, and eight Buddha’s hair are stored.

Ngapali
Ngapali

Beaches in the Bay of Bengal : Myanmar tourism has only grown, but pristine beaches in the country have begun to attract the attention of sea-lovers. The most famous beaches are Ngapali, Ngwe Saung, Chaungtha and Kanthaya. Ngapali beach is most appreciated by the clear blue water and fine white sand.

Bago : Formerly the capital of the Taungoo Dynasty, Bago also preserved many relics, including: Buddha statue Shwethalyaung Buddha, Huang Shwemawdaw temple – the highest temple in Myanmar, Kyaik Pun temple with Buddha sitting in four sides, Kanbawzathadi Palace of the Taungoo Dynasty, and a host of other temples like Maha Kalyani, Mahazedi, Shwegugale and the Snake Pagoda. In particular, from Bago you can visit the famous site of Myanmar tourism: Kyaikhtiyo / Kyaiktiyo Temple or Golden Rock Mountain Pagoda wandering on top of Kyaiktiyo Hill.

Kyaiktiyo Mountain Pagoda
Kyaiktiyo Mountain Pagoda

Eat: Eat, eat, snack, specialties of MYANMAR

Salad leaves tea
Salad leaves tea

1. Tea Leaf Salad (lephet / laphet)
The fermented tea leaves can be eaten as dessert, or can also be processed for tea leaves salad. Sour and slightly bitter tea is mixed with cabbage, tomatoes, roasted beans, peppers and garlic. This dish is eaten separately or eaten with delicious rice.
2. Russian Hat
Hat means rice fish, Shan ethnic dishes include rice cooked with turmeric, then squeezed, sprinkled with fresh water fish and garlic oil on top. This dish is eaten with leeks, raw garlic and crispy pork skin, creating a characteristic pungent flavor.
3. Burmese curry
For this dish, you can choose curry made from beef, fish, shrimp, pork or lamb. Along with curries are countless dishes including rice, salad, fried vegetables, soups, raw vegetables and boiled vegetables, served with a variety of different sauces.
4. Dish at Myanmar Tea House
The Tea Garden of Myanmar is not only a place to drink tea, but also a place to discover the cuisine of the nation in this country. The tea house of the Myanmar ethnic groups has rice noodles or rice, including htamin thoke, a rice salad. Meanwhile, Indians / Muslims serve South Asian influences like samosas and poori crisps (crispy fried bread with potato curry) or nanbya (naan bread). ). Quan Hoa’s most prominent are the barbecue sweet or the effervescent, often seen in the style of eating dim sum.
5. Myanmar sweet snack
Unlike Western delicacies, Myanmar delicacies, collectively called “moun”, are eaten as snacks, not as desserts. Moun is not sweet due to its natural ingredients such as coconut milk, coconut milk, rice flour, glutinous rice, pearl and fruit. Some of the typical moun is has nwin ma kin (coconut milk cake, buffalo milk and raisin), bein moun and moun pyit thalet (Myanmar pancake).
6. Deep fried foods
In Myanmar you will find crispy fries everywhere. Typical dish is buthi kyaw (crispy fried dough) with sweet and sour sauce made from tamarind and bean flour.

Nangyi Thoke
Nangyi Thoke

7. Shan tofu
One of the most unique dishes in Myanmar is hto-hpu nwe, meaning “tofu”. The name is so but this dish does not have tofu but only porridge made from chicken chickpeas.

8. Nangyi Thoke
Nangyi Thoke Dry Noodles consists of thick round noodles with chicken, sliced chili, chili and some sliced ​​eggs. Ingredients are marinated with grilled chicken broth, turmeric and chili oil, mixed well and eaten with vegetables and broth.
9. Mohinga
The national essence of Myanmar is mohinga – round rice noodles served with fish and onion soup, sometimes with a crispy banana. You can also add boiled eggs, crispy akyaw vegetables, crispy lentils, lemon juice and dried chilies.
10. Shan noodles
Shan noodles made from rice, flat and thin, are dipped in pepper soup, served with chicken or pork. This dish also has a dry noodles version.

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